Informative: Ancient Greece and Pre-Socratic Philosophers
What are some of the contributions that Ancient Greece and Pre-Socratic philosophers provided for the development of Western Civilization?
Well, Pre-Socratic Philosophers imparted many of the fundamentals for the questions and answers that are spoken of in the science, politics, arts, sports, and studies of the present. Things like meteorology, the seeking of rational or natural processes, mathematics, ethics, morality, music, and etcetera are all based in the thoughts of many Pre-Socratic philosophers. However, it is not very much about the answers they provided or the questions they made, but about the nature inside their questions and answers. These men and perhaps women, were more interested in knowing what and how things became, rather than understanding who did them and why they occurred. This nature took them to go beyond mere sense experience to be capable of comprehending what is fundamental.
For example, the Milesians, also known as Ionians were interested in knowing the original substance of all things. And a man named, Thales of Miletus (c. 624-546 BC) said that water is the cause of all things and earth is a discuss floating above water. Therefore, earthquakes are caused by the movement of waves. Maybe the answer and even the question sound dumb, but the fact that he is looking for logical explanations is significant for Western Civilization. These people consulted the gods after they had no more rational interpretations. The Ionians also helped lay the foundations for meteorology. It is also said that Thales of Miletus predicted an eclipse in 585 BC. His prediction was used to persuade the Medes and Lydians to agree in peace.
There were many Pre-Socratic philosophers and all exposed different ideas, some of them are still thought by lots of people today, whether consciously or unconsciously. These philosophers formed part of classical Greece and helped shape the society’s system and functioning. It might pretty well be that you had never thought about it, but ancient Greece has influenced our civilization in practically every area you can think of, just as the philosophers did.
Something well-known that we acquired from the Ancient Greeks are the Olympic Games. The Olympics if those times, though, were more than just a mere game. Religious aspects had a great impact in them. There were no teams; you played for your own glory to become a hero according to the Greek ideal. The athletes might have been considered as close to the gods and been able to achieve divine status through victories. One of the best relevancies we have of the games’ concepts today is found in the 23rd book of the Iliad. Here Achilles holds the games in honor of the fallen Patroclus. The athletes needed to honor the fallen with their great exertions and attributes.
In the Odyssey of Homer, Odysseus is invited to participate in the athletic contest and is told that “there is no greater glory for man as long as he lives than that which he wins with his own hands and his feet.” The events of the Olympics were running races, chariot races, boxing, and the pentathlon, which included wrestling, javelin, discus, sprint, and long jump.
However, besides the Olympic institution, today’s civilization has also widely adopted the idea that man differs from other creatures because of reason and his desire of knowledge. Ancient Greeks had confidence in man that he could master the physical world with his own ability and with this he would be able to progress in knowledge. It is too from ancient Greece that we acquired the concept of city-states in the West, as well as literary inheritance.
In conclusion, practically every area that conforms the West of today, finds its basis on the philosophers of classical Greece and the culture this civilization developed. To understand in a deeper manner the way our society thinks and functions, it is imperative that we comprehend the components of ancient Greek civilization.