Communism Is Better?
One of the Great Proposals by Great Philosophers
Viewing the outcomes of socialist and communist societies, would you have desired to be part of any one of them? Even so, today you still encounter people that claim that communism is better than having a free market. This is said because capitalism has been utterly misunderstood by the great majority of its oppositions, beginning from Karl Marx.
Karl Marx stated that communism would inevitably replace capitalism. With this we find that all ideas are contradictory, ones say fascism is the conclusion of capitalism and others say that communism supersedes capitalism. Ultimately, which is correct? The reality of it is that neither of them is true. Actually, it seems that people are afraid of inhabiting in a society full of free will, but that is our God-given right. He formed us with a will for a purpose, and that is to live in liberty, choosing and doing what we prefer without the control, manipulation, or intervention of others.
When a free volition is part of our real nature, the result of trying to thwart it will be catastrophic. Yet, many “great philosophers” have intended to invent different persuasive arguments that distort the truth and enable the convincing of people to live under political systems that limit their freedom.
One of those “great philosophers” was Karl Marx. Marx made socialism and communism expand to the world. These two systems are very similar. Socialism is an earlier stage of communism, where the only difference is that socialists are paid more if they work hard, whilst communists all get paid an equal share and are given more responsibilities instead of higher wages, when performing good toil. Both systems, however, sustain the control over the means of production. The means of production are not privatized and they all belong to the government.
As explained in “Basic Free Market Principles: A Price System”, when there is private property in the means of production, then those companies will know which resources are highly or little demanded. Therefore, through a system of prices they will receive feedback, and this will allow other companies to comprehend the price of the final product. If firms did not know how much their primary resource costs, then how would they know at what price to establish their final product?
Marx answered to that question using a reasoning known as the labor theory of value. He exposed that what determines the exchange of value between commodities is the distinct ratio of labor that went into the production of each one of them. For example, if you have a pair of shoes and a rolling chair, and the shoes are worth twice as much as the rolling chair, what makes the pair of shoes be valued twice as much? Marx’s answer is the amount of labor pain placed in the shoes in comparison to the one suffered to make the chair. If, you were to trade something for a pair of shoes, that thing would have to be worth an equal quantity of labor pain as the shoes.
Nevertheless, there is no equal sign in exchange. When you purchase a pair of shoes for 65 dollars, this does not signify that the shoes are worth equally the same to you as the dollars. If that were to be the case, then why would someone buy the shoes when they already have the 65 dollars? The truth is that he or she prefers the footwear than the money, so they are not equally valuable to the individual.
The same is proper for determining prices. Prices are resolved by the people’s valuation of things, not by the labor that was used to produce them. What if someone intended to vend an oak tree or an irreplaceable work of art, how much toil did they perform to acquire the commodity? None, hence the price of those and all goods is designated by the people’s estimation of things.
However, Marx still uses the labor theory of value to prove his point in that capitalism “exploits” workers by squeezing the “surplus value” out of them. In other words, capitalism does not pay you according to the quantity of labor you produce, but only “enough to keep you alive”. Therefore, capitalism will always make workers worse off in absolute terms, says Marx. But when you are wrong in a theory, the reasoning you develop out of it will most likely be incorrect.
Marx declares that capitalism supposedly deteriorates the working conditions of employees, and at some point, workers would have to engage in drudgery. When this occurs, the proletariat, who now live in destitution and are somehow virtually the owners of an advanced capitalist society, will spontaneously gain class consciousness and revolutionize from capitalism into communism. The revolution will not be plotted, but come about through historical circumstances.
First of all, would you like to work in the conditions of someone of 1850? You would not desire that unless the reward was suffice to compensate the terrible conditions. Karl Marx never explains what would befall if the people actually preferred the drudgery for very high wages, than the better working conditions. How would Marx react to that? That it is incorrect to engage in drudgery even when you want to do it? If so, Marx would be taking away the autonomy of the people. Also, when you live in destitution, almost in the verge of starvation, how can you manage to participate in a revolution to form a temporary extra-legal institution before a new constitution can be established? Marx never explains, but continues with his reasoning.
He states that all economic forms of organization can only survive if they can have the ability to thoroughly utilize society’s resources. Capitalism undergoes the business cycle and this demonstrates that this system cannot maintain the full use of society’s resources. To make good use of resources in a communist society, the workers will elect managers and public officials who will administer society and the economy with an economic central plan. After this, the instrument of the exploitation of one class by another (the state) will fade away.
This last argument proves that Karl Marx did not comprehend capitalism. A free market economy has nothing to do with business cycles. This system always tries to utilize resources in the most efficient manner and elects those that will manage them successfully. In “Money, Government, Prices, and Concealed Corruption” it is exposed how the provoker of business cycles is the government and its central bank when it intervenes in the matters of the economy.
When you have a democratically regulated economic central plan determining what to produce, says Marx, people will be less selfish, more versatile, more creative, and more autonomous. The people’s full potential will be encouraged, because they will have an overall control of what and how to produce. Under communism, people will not have to specialize in one single area, thus the division of labor will be abolished and everyone will be free to move among different occupations. With communism, everyone is entitled to goods based on their need. This leads people to work, not because they have to, but because they want to and in whatever sphere of activity they desire. Through this whole process, work becomes an outlet for creative self-expression. In the morning, one can be an architect, at noon a lawyer, and at night an actor.
Having the opportunity to decide whether or not you will work maximizes your leisure time, because people can choose to do nothing. Marx thinks that capitalism leads to unconscious economic decisions. Producing only what the market wants is unpleasant, monotonous, and dehumanizing, because you do not produce what you want, but what others want. Greed and selfishness are what guide human beings in the free market, but in communism goods are distributed to people, each according to their need and want for them.
Every single thing that Marx says is incorrect and contradictory. How can the state wither away when you have a central plan? Ultimately, a minority of people would end up making decisions for millions that have different ideals, different point of views, different philosophies, etc. Would this increase autonomy? Absolutely not, actually the general public would become less free in having a small group of people, whom do not know every single citizen of the nation, making economic decisions for the entire country.
A centrally planned economy, would not allow people to use work as an outlet for self-expression. How can your central economic plan function when everyone is doing whatever they want? How will you have resources to distribute when people can choose to work or not to work? Doesn’t it make you self-centered when you want to produce what you desire, and not what the market needs or wants? People might have more leisure time under communism, but at the expense of starvation.
The free market increases leisure time along with the standard of living. It is by capitalism that a truly rich man can fly on his own jet and a poor person fly on coach, but they can both fly. Capitalism increases the productivity of labor and this makes free time possible. Also, people can choose no free time in exchange for higher wages in the free market. The free market increases individuals’ autonomy and freedom, communism stifles both of them. Communism is another “great proposal” made, by “great philosophers” who only prove they really do not know anything.